(Pausula, 19th August 1887 Trincea delle Frasche, Karst 23rd October 1915)

"He disappeared in the battle without ever been found, just like the heroes of legendary stories" (Amilcare De Ambris)

Filippo Corridoni was born in Pausual (today Corridonia), in the Macerata province on the 19th August 1887 and fell fighting on the Karst at the "Trincea delle Frasche" on the 23rd October 1915. During his early years he was a follower of Mazzini.
In 1905, after his studies at the Industrial High School of Fermo, he moves to Milan where he is employed as a technical designer for a company called Miani-Silvestri. He immediately immersed himself in the fight for social justice and joined the ranks of the Revolutionary Unionism. He believed that the workers' unionism could create a state within the state and eventually gain total power.
He was stern and reckless of danger and hardship, being able to inspire the crowds with the fascination of his ideals. He stoically sustained numerous battles against the employers, which got him exiled.
In 1908 he and Alceste De Ambris stood together in the largest and longest farming strike of the Italian Revolutionary Unionism ever, held in Parma. He was appointed Secretary of the Work Chamber of San Felice sul Panaro (1909) then expatriate in Nice. Faced with the evident impossibility of the success of the workers' revolution he directed his attention to the new emerging bourgeoisie managerial class, which was able to be in advance with the times, face the new challenges of industrial progress as well as of international rules and of the nationalisms.

When the First World War broke out, Corridoni enlisted as a volunteer, but because he suffered from phthisis, which had plagued him for years he was deployed in the rear guard. He, however, insisted on being sent on to the front line: he succeeded in his intent and took part in the battles on the Karst, where he faced his death by being shot during an assault on an Austrian trench. His heroic statement proved to be prophetical: "I will die in a pit, against a rock or tackling an assault but, if I can, I will fall facing the enemy as I were going to advance, again!".

To honour his memory, he was decorated with the Silver Medal of Military Valor, decoration that Benito Mussolini converted into a Gold Medal in 1925.

Taken from Corridoni a book written by Tullio Casotti - Carnaro, Milan 1933

22nd October, afternoon. At Castelnuovo del Carso

"Corridoni, do me a favour, stay here and give us a hand, will you. The battle will be long, you have time... don't go in that state. "We'll speak about that later! He answers hurriedly and runs off smiling."

This fact is confirmed, not only by the narration of Dino Roberto, which we will refer further on, but also by Honourable Edoardo Malusardi, who was one of the heroic volunteers with Corridoni, in his Diario di Guerra, war memoir.

(Trieste 1861 - Castelnuovo, Karst 20th November 1915)

Giacomo Venezian, born in Trieste in 1861 to a family of ancient patriotic tradition, was the nephew of a supporter who had died in defense of the Roman Republic and the cousin of Felice Venezian, the greatest political representative of the National Liberal Movement in Trieste. Since his early years Giacomo Venezian was an activist of the Irredentist Movement. He was arrested, imprisoned for nine months, tried and cleared; then he moved to Italy and studied law in Bologna where he earned his degree.

He became Professor of Law at Bologna University; noble patriot, pure-hearted, fervent, relentless interventionist and founder of a battalion of volunteers, he had fascinated soldiers and officers with his example taking part in the most dangerous actions.

When Italy entered the First World War, he demanded and obtained to be assigned to the front lines. On the 14th November, assault on the Trincea dei morti, trench on the Karst, "... having lost the colonel and being major, he assumed command of the regiment and even though he had an injured shoulder, he stood boldly on the edge of the trench and rallied the soldiers with the cry: Viva L'Italia! (Hurrah for Italy!) Concealing the wound for the fear of being discharged from the command, on the 20th November, leading his men, Giacomo Venezian with great impetuous attacked the Ridottino trench, but approaching the barb wire entanglements, he was reached in the forehead by an enemy bullet. He fell dead while the soldiers, struck by his noble example, continued the assault with greater fury and gained the position".

To honour his memory, he was decorated with the Gold Medal of Military Valor.

La Grande Guerra - I Personaggi

La Grande Guerra - I Personaggi